• " . 19-02" (. 28.10.2002, N 22/2)

    11


    : | .1 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .7 | .8 | .9 | .10 | .11


         f
        N  -    ;
         p
         f -     
          3 , ;
         F -   , ;
         F  -    ;
                G
         F  -    , 
                
       , ;
         -   (   ), ;
          -  ;
           d
          -    , , ;
           r
          -    , , ;
           f
         -  , , ;
        ' -    , ;
          -  ,   
    :

                   = 2     / (  +  );
                                r    f       f      r

          - ,    
              d
    .

          = (2    x   ) / (   +   );
              d            dr         df           df         dr

        ()  -      
     (),   ;
         -  , ;
              -    , ;
         .
              -          ,
         ..
    ;
        R  -    , / (/, /,
    /);
        Q  -       ,
    /;
        S  -     ()  ;
             ""   (+),     
                                   2
       S = (+) .
        :             
        -ary.

        U  -   ( );
         
        U    -   ;
         sin
        Z  -         
      .

    : , , , .

    .6.2. ,

    --------------+-----------------------------+--------------------
                       Type of signal   
                                       modulation      
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    /4 DQPSK    -differential /4   
                            QPSK                
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    /4 QPSK    -          quaternary phase    
                                   shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    APSK, 32 APSK-           amplitude phase     
                                   shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    BCFSK                 binary code         
                                 frequency           
                                              shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    BCM          -      block coded         
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    BDM           -    binary delta        
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    BDPSK             binary              
                            differential phase  
                                              shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    BCPFSK        -  (                           
                                             
                 ),  - BFSK                        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    BFSK                     binary frequency    
                                   shift keying        
                             binary frequency    
                  (2FSK, 3FSK)     shift keying,       
                                              duo-binary          
                                              frequency           
                                              shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    CPFSK         () controlled PFSK     
                                          
                 +-----------------------------+                    
    (4CFSK)      - ,  -                      
                 4FSK                                             
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
                          continuous phase    
                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    FDM-FM                 FM frequency        
                          division multiplex  
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    FFSK                  filtered FSK        
                                                       
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    GMSK               gaussian filtered   
                          minimum shift keying
                        or gaussian minimum 
                                   shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    FM                      frequency           
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    FMSK                  filtered minimum    
                        shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    FSK                   frequency shift     
                                              keying              
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    GFPM         -         gated frequency     
                     position modulation 
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    GFSK                                     
                                                 
                  - GMSK,  -                     
                 FFSK                                             
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    LFM             swept frequency or  
                 ()       space frequency     
                            modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    M-ary QAM    -      quadrature amplitude
                   = 4, 16, 32, 64, modulation          
                 128, 256, 512                                    
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    MFSK           -multiple or         
                       multilevel FSK      
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    MLCM                 multi-level coded   
                                     modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    MSK -    unfiltered minimum  
     = FFSK                   shift keying or fast
                                              frequency shift     
                                              keying              
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    MPSK                   multiple PSK        
                   = 4, 8, 16                         
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    MSK                 minimum shift keying
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    NBPM                   narrow-band phase   
                                     modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    PCM          -   coded impulse       
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    PDM          -                      
                                                                  
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    PFM           (-     pulse frequency     
                 )                   modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
                            phase modulation    
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    PNM          -  pulse number        
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    PM                pulse phase         
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    PSK                     phase shift keying  
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    QAM          -      quadrature amplitude
    S = 4 (16)                       modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    QPR, QPR-,           quadrature partial  
    AZD          ,          response. QPR with  
                              ambiguity zone      
                   -       delection           
                   = 9, 25, 49                        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    QPSK         -          quadrature phase    
                                   shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    RPSK                  relative phase      
                                   shift keying        
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    SFM                 swept frequency     
                            or space frequency  
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
              -   trellis coded       
                                              modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    TFM                   tamed frequency     
                                     modulation          
    +-------------+-----------------------------+--------------------+
    WBFM               wideband frequency  
                                     modulation          
    L-------------+-----------------------------+---------------------


    : | .1 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .7 | .8 | .9 | .10 | .11


 

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