• 19.06.2002 N 43 " , ( )"

    31


    : | « ... | .15 | .16 | .17 | .18 | .19 | .20 | .21 | .22 | .23 | .24 | .25 | .26 | .27 | .28 | .29 | .30 | .31 | .32 | .33 | .34 | .35 | .36 | .37 | .38 | .39 | .40 | .41 |


           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  2,73 2,34 2,07  1,79 1,56  1,36 1,21 1,05 
    +-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
    40        6  1,11 0,96 0,84  0,73 0,64  0,53 0,49 0,43 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              7  1,39 1,2  1,05  0,91 0,80  0,66 0,61 0,54 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              9  1,73 1,49 1,31  1,14 1,00  0,83 0,76 0,67 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  2,16 1,87 1,64  1,42 1,25  1,03 0,95 0,84 
    +-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
    63        6  0,89 0,77 0,67  0,59 0,51  0,44 0,39 0,34 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              7  1,11 0,96 0,84  0,74 0,64  0,55 0,49 0,42 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              9  1,39 1,20 1,04  0,92 0,79  0,69 0,61 0,53 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  1,73 1,50 1,31  1,15 0,99  0,86 0,76 0,66 
    +-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
    100       6  0,70 0,61 0,53  0,46 0,41  0,35 0,31 0,27 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              7  0,87 0,76 0,66  0,57 0,51  0,44 0,39 0,34 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              9  1,09 0,95 0,83  0,72 0,64  0,54 0,48 0,42 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  1,36 1,19 1,03  0,90 0,80  0,68 0,60 0,53 
    L-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+------

    ----------------------------------------+------------------------
             
                                           
                                           +------------------------+
                                              1,  3  
    +---------------------------------------+------------------------+
                           II.                         
    +-------+------+-------------------------------------------------+
    -            L , ,             
    -                                                    
            +-----+-----T------+-----T------+-----T-----+-----+
    D , ,       32   40    50   63    80   100  125  150 
                +-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
                     S  , /.,    
                                                t                
    +-------+------+-----+-----T------+-----T------+-----T-----+-----+
    160       6  0,56 0,48 0,43  0,37 0,33  0,28 0,25 0,22 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              7  0,70 0,6  0,54  0,46 0,41  0,35 0,31 0,27 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              9  0,87 0,75 0,67  0,58 0,51  0,44 0,39 0,64 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  1,09 0,94 0,84  0,72 0,64  0,55 0,49 0,43 
    +-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
    250       6  0,45 0,38 0,34  0,29 0,26  0,22 0,20 0,17 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              7  0,56 0,47 0,42  0,36 0,32  0,27 0,25 0,21 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              9  0,70 0,59 0,53  0,45 0,40  0,34 0,31 0,26 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  0,88 0,74 0,66  0,56 0,51  0,43 0,39 0,33 
    +-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
    420       6  0,36 0,30 0,27  0,23 0,19  0,18 0,16 0,14 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              7  0,45 0,38 0,34  0,29 0,26  0,22 0,20 0,17 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
              9  0,56 0,47 0,42  0,36 0,32  0,27 0,25 0,21 
           +------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+-----+
            > 9  0,70 0,59 0,53  0,45 0,41  0,34 0,31 0,26 
    L-------+------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+-----+------

        III.       S
                                                                    t
       

    -----------------+----------+-------+-------+--------+-----------
     2,      0,15     0,3    0,5    0,7       1,0    
    +----------------+----------+-------+-------+--------+-----------+
           0,61     0,8    1,0    1,25      1,6    
                 st                                            
    L----------------+----------+-------+-------+--------+------------

    :

                                     2
                           = ------------------,
                             2  S        
                                   t    st    1

           -        
             1
     (.  1,  1).

    -------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------
                     
                                +--------------------------------------------------+
                                                              2,  1               
    +------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------------+
                                    I.                           
    +------+-------+---------------------------------------------------+---------------+----------+
    -  -  (  ) -    
     +-----------------+-----------------+---------------+, -    
    ,-   HRC < 30         HRC 30...50       HRC > 50     -            
    /   ,                                                   -          
          ,                                                                 
    +------+-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
    35    Rz 20  14, 50 2 6-7  14 50 2 6-7  25, 14 50    25 50 1 6-7 54, 14  
                                                   1 6-7                     50 1 6 ʦ
          +-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
          Ra 2,5 14, 40-50 2 6 ʦ14, 40-50 1 6 ʦ25, 14 40-50 25, 40-50 1 54, 14, 
                                                   2 6         6             40-50 1 
                                                                                 6        
          +-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
          1,25   14, 40 1 6-5 ʦ14, 40 1 6-5  25, 14 40 225 40 2 6-5 54, 14  
                                                   6-5                         40 2 6 ʦ
          +-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
          0,63   14 16-25 1 5 ʦ14 16-25 2 5  25, 14 16-25 25, 44 16-25 54, 14  
                                                   1 5          2 5         16-25 2 
                                                                                 6        
    +------+-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
    60    Rz 20  25 50 2 6-7  25 50 1 6-7  25 50 2 6-7        -       54, 14  
                                                                                50 1 6 ʦ
          +-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
          Ra 2,5 25 40-50 1 6  25 40-50 2 6 ʦ25 40-50 1         -       54, 14  
                                                   6                            40-50 1 
                                                                                 6        
          +-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
          1,25   25 40 1 6-5   25 40 1 6-5   25 40 2 6-5        -       54, 14  
                                                                                40 2 6 ʦ
          +-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+----------+
          0,63   25 16-25 2 5  25 16-25 2 5  25 16-25 2         -       54, 14  
                                                   5                            16-25 2 
                                                                                 6        
    L------+-------+-----------------+-----------------+---------------+---------------+-----------

        . 1.        
     1 - 2.       
                 = 1,1, 
                                                            1
        -    = 0,85.
                                   1
         2.         
      1...2 ,       
    S  , S .
     tx   

    -----------------------------+-----------------------------------
     Φ         
                               
                                +-----------------------------------+
                                        2,  2        
    +----------------------------+-----------------------------------+
                         II.                           
    +-------+-----T--------------------------------------------------+
    -           ()   , ,          
    -                                                  
           +------------+------------+------------+-----------+
    D , ,       25...32     40...50        63         80     
               +-----+------+-----+------+-----+------+----+------+
                S   S     S    S     S    S     S   S    
                      tx        tx        tx       tx  
    +-------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+------+----+------+
    25      6   4060 0,00706590 0,0055  -    -    -    -   
           +-----+     +------+     +------+                     
            7        0,0087     0,0069                     
           +-----+     +------+     +------+                     
           8, 9      0,0109     0,0086                     
           +-----+     +------+     +------+                     
           > 9       0,0137     0,0107                     
    +-------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+------+----+------+
    40      6   3430 0,00655220 0,00556780 0,005  -    -   
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+          
            7        0,0081     0,0069     0,0063          
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+          
           8, 9      0,0101     0,0086     0,0078          
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+          
           > 9       0,0127     0,0107     0,0098          
    +-------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+------+----+------+
    63      6   2770 0,00654590 0,005 5210 0,005 74400,004 
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+    +------+
            7        0,0081     0,0063     0,0063    0,005 
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+    +------+
           8, 9      0,0101     0,0078     0,0078    0,006 
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+    +------+
           > 9       0,0127     0,0098     0,0098    0,0078
    +-------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+------+----+------+
    100     6   2380 0,006 3650 0,005 4630 0,004559500,004 
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+    +------+
            7        0,0075     0,0063     0,0056    0,005 
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+    +------+
           8, 9      0,0094     0,0078     0,007     0,006 
           +-----+     +------+     +------+     +------+    +------+
           > 9       0,0117     0,0098     0,0088    0,0078
    L-------+-----+-----+------+-----+------+-----+------+----+-------

    -----------------------------+-----------------------------------
     Φ         
                               
                                +-----------------------------------+
                                        2,  3        
    +----------------------------+-----------------------------------+
                          II.                          
    +-------+-----T--------------------------------------------------+
    -          ()   , ,           
    -                                                  
           +-------------+------------+-----------+-----------+
    D , ,        25...32     40...50       63         80     
               +-----+-------+----+-------+----+------+----+------+
               S     S     S    S     S    S    S    S   
                       tx        tx        tx       tx 
    +-------+-----+-----+-------+----+-------+----+------+----+------+
    460     6   1920 0,006  32700,0045 37300,004547700,004 
           +-----+     +-------+    +-------+    +------+    +------+
            7        0,0075     0,0056     0,0056    0,005 
           +-----+     +-------+    +-------+    +------+    +------+
           8, 9      0,0094     0,007      0,007     0,006 
           +-----+     +-------+    +-------+    +------+    +------+
           > 9       0,0117     0,0088     0,0088    0,0078
    +-------+-----+-----+-------+----+-------+----+------+----+------+
    250     6   1540 0,006  26200,0045 29300,004538300,004 
           +-----+     +-------+    +-------+    +------+    +------+
            7        0,0075     0,0056     0,0056    0,005 
           +-----+     +-------+    +-------+    +------+    +------+
           8, 9      0,0094     0,007      0,007     0,006 
           +-----+     +-------+    +-------+    +------+    +------+
           > 9       0,0117     0,0088     0,0088    0,0078
    +-------+-----+-----+-------+----+-------+----+------+----+------+
    400     6     -     -     -    -   26600,04  34300,0035
           +-----+                           +------+    +------+
            7                              0,005     0,0044
           +-----+                           +------+    +------+
           8, 9                            0,006     0,0055
           +-----+                           +------+    +------+
           > 9                             0,0078    0,0068
    +-------+-----+-----+-------+----+-------+----+------+----+------+
    500     6     -     -     -    -   23800,004 31100,0035
           +-----+                           +------+    +------+
            7                              0,005     0,0044
           +-----+                           +------+    +------+
           8, 9                            0,006     0,0055
           +-----+                           +------+    +------+
           > 9                             0,0078    0,0068
    L-------+-----+-----+-------+----+-------+----+------+----+-------

    III.

    -----------------+--------+--------+--------+--------+-----------
     2,     0,15    0,30    0,50    0,70     1,00    
    +----------------+--------+--------+--------+--------+-----------+
          0,65    0,87    1,00    1,15     1,35    
                 st                                            
    L----------------+--------+--------+--------+--------+------------

    :

                                    L   2
                                     
                           = --------------------,
                             S   2S        
                                    t    st    1

           -         
             1
     (.  2,  1).

    ------------------------------------------+----------------------
               II.                  
                                                 
                                                
                                                  
                                             +----------------------+
                                                   3     
    +--------+-------+------------------------+----------------------+
    --              L , ,            
     - ,                                               
            +-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+-----+
    -        6,3   8   10   16   25   40   50   63  
     D ,        +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
                         S  , /.     
    ,                                          t             
    +--------+-------+-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+-----+
    32        0,03 3,64 3,07 2,53   -    -    -    -    -  
            +-------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
              0,05 4,55 3,84 3,16   -    -    -    -    -  
            +-------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+

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