• " " (. "") ( " ", " ")

    11


    : | .1 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .7 | .8 | .9 | .10 | .11 | .12 | .13 | .14 | .15 | .16 | .17 | .18 |


                                                                     
                                                               -       
                                                               -       
                                                                       
                                                               -      
                                                               -       
                                                                       
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -             -   - 5,0      12,0        - -  
                      -  ---      ----        -  -
    ,                  -   III        -         - 
     81-04-225-           -                              -
    79                      -                                +  -
    pH =                                               Na , -
    3,5 - 4,5                                              +    
                                                        NH4 ,- 
                            -                              2+ - 
                            .                               Ca  ,   
                                                          -() 
                            -                                       
                            ,                            pH =       
                            -                            3,5 -      
                            , -                           4,5        
                                                                  
                                                                     
                            -                                        
                            -                                       
                                                                     
                                                                    
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -         - - 5,0      12,0        --  
     -                 -  ---      ----        --
    -           -   III        -         ,   
    ,                  -                             --
     39-095-75,           -                            ,-
     39-044-75                                         - -
                                                        -   
                                                        -  - 
                            -                            , - 
                            .                               -     
                            ,                               , () 
                            -                              +2       
                            -                           Ca  ,      
                             -                             +        
                            -                            Na ,       
                                                          +         
                                                        H          
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -           -   5000  10,0     12,0        - -  
    -                     ----     ----        - -
     (),             -          III       -         -  
     588-78             ,                            -  -
                            -                           - -
                            .                             - -
                            -                               -   
                                                       ,  - 
                            -                             -  - 
                                                           -    
                                                               - () 
                                                               -        
                                                               ,      
                                                               -       
                                                                     
                                                               -      
                                                               -       
                                                                       
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -   -10;    --     2,0      -           --     
      -11,    .      ---                  -       
    (- C2H5ONaO2Si-      III                  -        
     ),            -         ( .            -      
     6-02-696-                              -       
    76                             .)                       
                                                               -       
                                                               ,        
                                                               13 -       
                                                               17%        
                                                               -      
                                                                        
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -        - -     10,0     10,0        -    -     
    ,                    -       ----     ----                   
     6-05-231-             -        IV        -                    
    312--80                                                      
                                                                  
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -,       - -     2,0      0,05        -  -     
       C3H12NO9H3  pH        ---      ----        -       
    ,                              III       -          -       
     6-02-1171-                                              ,      
    79                                                         NO3;       
                                                               NO2        
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
                   - 10000 -        0,1         - -
                         -          ---           -
    ,                  .-            -          -     
     81-05-100-                                  ,-
    70                      -                             ,  
                                                        -       
                            -                                   
                                                                 
                            ,                                        
                                                                  
                                                                        
                            50 - 60%                                      
                                                                    
                                                                    
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
           > 500010,0     0,16        - -     
    ,                 -      ----     ----               
     20291-74                    IV        -                    
                                                                  
                            ,                                       
                            -                                       
                                                                      
                            -                                          
                            .                                        
                                                                   
                            -                                       
                                                                     
                            -                                       
                             -                                      
                                                                      
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
        -14     - > 50005,0      5,0         -  -  
    --                      ---      ---         , -
     -               -         III      III         -    
    ,            ,                            - - 
     01-1078-81           -                            , 
                            -                             -      
                             -                                 
                                                        -       
                                                              
                                                                  
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
          Na2SO4     -       -     10,0     100,0       -
                                    ----     -----        - 
                                           IV       IV               
                                                                     
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
            -   > 500010,0     0,5         -  -  
                          ----     ---         - -  
                     -         III      IV         -
    -                                         , - 
                                                 -  
    ,                 -                           -       
     6-01-                                           -      
    1172-78                                                            
                                                               -       
                                                               ,      
                                                               -       
                                                                     
                                                               -      
                                                               -       
                                                                       
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -  -20, -       -     10,0     0,001       -  -     
         ,   -             ----     -----       -       
                           III       -         -      
                                       0,005               
                                           -----       -       
    ,                                    -         ,      
     6-01-                                                   -        
    542-79                                                     -       
                                                                     
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
            -       > 500010,0     1,0         -     -    
                                     ----     ---                    
                                           IV       -                     
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    -   -     -   -     6,0      2,0         --  
                               ---      ---         ,-  
                                  IV       IV          - 
                                                                       
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
     -14 -14       - -     -        1,0         --     
    ()                               ---         -        
                            ,                -          -       
                                                         ,       
                             -                             -        
                                                                 
                            .                                       
                                                                   
                            -                                      
                             -                                       
                                                                    
                            -                                       
                            -                                      
                                                                      
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
    - -80       - 5000  10,0     -           --  
                         ,       ----                 , -  
                            -         III                 -  
                            -                            - -
                            -                              --
                                                           -
                                                                       
                                                                    - 
                                                                    - 
                                                                       
                                                                    () 
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
     --          -       -        1,0         -    -  
    ,             -           ---              -  
     7699-78            -            -               
                            ,                                   - 
                            -                                
                                                                     
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
     -7 Fe2O3      - 900   -        0,3 (X - II)--
                                            ----------   - 
                            -                    III          
                                                                 
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
        CaCl2      - 1384  -        2,0 (X - II)- 
                                         ------------ - 
                                                        III          
                                                                     
    +-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+------+
      - -          -  -     50,0     0,5         --
                          ----     ---         -- 
                                    III     III         ,
                                                               -    
                                                               ,   
                                                               - -
                                                               , 
                                                               -   - 
                                                                
                                                                    - 
                                                                      
                                                                    < 10% 
    L-------------+-----------+--------+------+---------+------------+-----+-------

    51-1-96 :

    1. - . .: , , 1991.

    2. , . .-.: "", "", 1995.

    3. .. . . .: , 1979.

    4. .. . . .: , 1986.

    5

    ----+----------------------+---------+-------+-------------------
     N     ,        
    /                  -   , /    
                                      , +------+------+-----+
                                      / <*> CO    CnHm NOx  
                                                         (   
                                                         -
                                                         
                                                            
                                                         NO2) 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
              -               
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    1.      95,6         14,5  11,8  8,0 
       -19                                                  
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    2.               73,5          6,3   2,7  3,5 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    3.      132,5         11,0   9,6  6,5 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    4.       132           11,5   9,8  6,5 
       -10                                                 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    5.                 73,5          6,3   2,7  3,5 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    6.  ""      300           25    10,9 14,4 
       -355                                                 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    7.  -27        103            8,8   3,8  4,8 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    8.  -                                 
       : -4121             95,5          7,5   3,5  4,3 
            -5122            125           10,6   4    5,9 
    +---+----------------------+---------+-------+------+------+-----+
    9.  -148      184           15,6   6,6  8,7 

    : | .1 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .7 | .8 | .9 | .10 | .11 | .12 | .13 | .14 | .15 | .16 | .17 | .18 |


 

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