• 21.01.2000 N 6 " , - ( )"

    52


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    -     +-------------------------+-------------------------+
       -                ,               
    -   +---+---T---+---T----+----T---+---T---+---T----+----+
         .... .  .... . 
    120120260500800 1250120120260500800 1250
    -                            
    ,           26050080012502000   26050080012502000
                 +---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
                                     ,                     
    +------+-------+---+---T---+---T----+----T---+---T---+---T----+----+
     120   4,5-  -  -  -   -   5  -  -  -  -   -   
          +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
          ,   3,5-  -  -  -   -   4  -  -  -  -   -   
                                                      
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      5  5,5-  -  -   -   5  6  -  -  -   -   
    120   +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
     260,   4  4,5-  -  -   -   4  5  -  -  -   -   
                                                      
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      6  7  7  -  -   -   6  8  9  -  -   -   
    260   +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
     500,   4,55  6  -  -   -   5  6  6  -  -   -   
                                                      
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      7  7  8  9  -   -   7  8  10 11 -   -   
    500   +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
     800,   5  5  6  7  -   -   5  6  7  7  -   -   
                                                      
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      7  8  8  9  10  -   9  10 11 12 13  -   
    800   +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
        ,   5,56  6  7  7,5 -   6  7  8  8  9   -   
    1250                                              
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      8  8  9  9  10  12  10 11 12 13 14  16  
    1250  +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
        ,   6  6  7  7  8   9   7  8  9  9  10  11  
    2000                                              
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      9  9  10 10 11  12  10 11 11 12 13  13  
    2000  +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
        ,   7  7  8  8  9   9   7  8  8  9  10  10  
    3150                                              
    +------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
    .      9  10 10 11 12  14  10 11 12 13 13  13  
    3150  +-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
        ,   7  8  8  9  9   11  8  8  9  9  10  10  
    5000                                              
    L------+-------+---+---+---+---+----+----+---+---+---+---+----+-----

    ----------------------------------------------------------+---------------
                                    12 
                                                             +--------+------+
                                                              2 1
    +---------------------------------------------------------+--------+------+
                         1.                           
                                                                             
                                                                      
    +----------------------------+------+-------+-----T-----+-----T-----+-----+
      D,      10    12     16   20   25   32   40   
    +----------------------------+------+-------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
              0,617 0,888  1,58 2,47 3,85 6,32 9,87 
      1 ,                                                   
    +----------------------------+------+-------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
      D,      100   120    160  200  250  320  400  
    +----------------------------+------+-------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
              6,17  8,88   15,8 24,7 38,5 63,2 98,7 
      1 ,                                                   
    +----------------------------+------+-------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
                           2.                          
    +---------+---------------------------------------------------------------+
                             ,                      
    +-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+---T---+---T---+---T---+----T----+
      ,    40   50   60   80   100 120140160200220250320 400 
             +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
                               1 ,              
    +---------+-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+---T---+---T---+---T---+----T----+
        50    15,7 19,6  -    -    -   -  -  -  -  -  -   -   - 
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
        60    18,8 23,6 28,3  -    -   -  -  -  -  -  -   -   - 
    L---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+-----

    ----------------------------------------------------------+---------------
                                    12 
                                                             +--------+------+
                                                              2 2
    +---------+-----------------------------------------------+--------+------+
                             ,                      
    +-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+---T---+---T---+---T---+----T----+
      ,    40   50   60   80   100 120140160200220250320 400 
             +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
                               1 ,              
    +---------+-----+-----T-----+-----T-----+---T---+---T---+---T---+----T----+
        80    25,1 31,4 37,7 50,2  -   -  -  -  -  -  -   -   - 
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       100    31,4 39,3 47,1 62,8 78,5 -  -  -  -  -  -   -   - 
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       120    37,7 47,1 56,5 75,4 94,2113 -  -  -  -  -   -   - 
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       140    44,0 55,0 65,9 87,9110  132154 -  -  -  -   -   - 
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       160    50,2 62,8 75,4100  126  151176201 -  -  -   -   - 
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       180    56,5 70,7 84,8113  141  170198226282310354 452 565
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       200    62,8 78,5 94,2126  157  188220251314346392 502 628
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       220    69,1 86,4104  138  173  207242276346380432 553 691
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       250    78,5 98,1118  157  196  236275314392432490 628 785
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       280    87,9110  132  176  220  264308352440484550 703 879
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       320   100  126  151  201  251  301352402502553628 8041005
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       360     -    -    -  226  283  339396452565622706 9041130
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       400     -    -    -  251  314  37744050262869178510051256
    +---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
       450     -    -    -  283  353  42449556570777788311301413
    L---------+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+-----

    ----------------------+---------+--------------------------------
                              
                                     
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
                          1.                        
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
    D, D , d, d ,           
        1      1                                                  
    D                               
     max                                                          
    L, l                          
                                                       
    L , l                                         
     3   3                                                        
    L , l                           
     1   1                                             
                                           
                                   ()             
    i                    -                       
    P                                        
    Y                    -            
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
                                2.                             
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
                        .                         
                                                                
                        -"-                  
                                                                 
    t    , t    ,        -"-                
     .1   .2                   ,         
    t                                                  
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    t                    -"-                
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    a                    %             
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    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
                            3.                         
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
    V                    /.                    
    S                    /.         
                                                                 
    S                    /.    1 . ()     
                                                                 
    n                    ./.                  
    N                             
                                                           
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    t                            ,  
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
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    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
                                      
                                               
                                    
                                      
                                                        
    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
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    +---------------------+---------+--------------------------------+
                                              
    r                                             
    L---------------------+---------+---------------------------------

    1. . . 1. .: , 1991 .

    2. . . . 25761-83. . .

    3. . . , , , , ( 1050-74, 535-88, 4543-71, 1050-88, 19281-89, 1414-75, 23705-79, 25054-81). . .

    4. . . , , , , , , , ( 1535-91, 493-79, 2060-90, 1628-78, 613-79, 10025-78, 10988-75, 380-94, 493-79). . .

    5. . . () , , , , ( 17711-93, 21488-97, 380-94, 13083-77). , . .

    6. 8.417-81 ( 1052-78). .

    7. .


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