• " . . . 51238-98" (. 25.12.1998 N 461)

    25 1998 . N 461

    -

    1 1999

    NONTRADITIONAL POWER ENGINEERING.

    SMALL HYDROPOWER ENGINEERING. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

    51238-98

    1. " ", " ".

    2. 25 1998 . N 461.

    3. .

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    1.

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    2.

    :

    19431-84. .

    23956-80. .

    27471-87. . .

    3.

        3.1. :                      Hydropower
         ,          engineering
        
      
        3.2.  :                Small hydropower
          ,           engineering
        
         
       
        3.3.                 Small hydropower
    :                               engineering
           ,     potential sources
    ,   ,
       
     ,    
     ,    
       
        
    
    
        3.4.   :      Small hydropower
                 engineering
    ,        potential
       
        3.5.               Potential category
    :
         () ;
     ; 
    
    
        3.6.                  Total potential
    :
          
     ,  
       
       
        3.7.              Technical potential
    :
          ,  
       
        -
     
        3.8.            Economical
    :                               potential
           
    ,  
       
        -
     
        3.9. ; <>:                   Hydroaggregate
         ,  
        
    
    
        3.10.  ;       Hydropower plant
    <>:
           
    ,   
         
        3.11.              Small hydropower
    ; <>:                             plant
          
      10000 
        3.12. ; <>:          Hydroelectric power
           ,        plant
        
     
        3.13.  ; <    Small hydroelectric
    ; >:                                    power plant
             100 
    30000 
        3.14. ;            Micro hydroelectric
    <, >:                             power plant
             100 
        3.15.   :         Installed power
           
      
        3.16.   :  Nominal power
           
     , 
       
    
    

        3.17.  :                      Dam small
         ,        hydroelectric power
      ,         plant
        3.18.  :                       Channel-type small
          ,      hydroelectric power
                      plant
        3.19.  :                   Dam-type small
          ,      hydroelectric power
                         plant
        3.20.  :                  Diversion system
         ,         small hydroelectric
           power plant
        
        3.21.  :                      Mixed-type small
         ,        hydroelectric power
      ,        plant
     ,   
    
    
        3.22.   ():        Non-dam small
        ,            hydroelectric power
                 plant
      
        3.23.   ():       Free-stream small
        ,      hydroelectric power
             plant
        3.24.   ():               Floated small
        ,      hydroelectric power
                                plant
        3.25.   ():              Submerged small
        ,    ,     hydroelectric power
    ..           plant
        3.26.   ():           Stationary small
        ,       hydroelectric power
                                plant
        3.27.   ():              Mobile small
        ,        hydroelectric power
          plant
         
        
        3.28.   ():               Pressure intake
          ,         small hydroelectric
              power plant
         
    
    
        3.29.   ():             String small
          - ,    hydroelectric power
      ,              plant
       
         
    
    
        3.30.   ():                Network small
        ,               hydroelectric power
                    plant
       ,
        
        ()
        3.31.   ():             Independent small
        ,             hydroelectric power
         plant
       ,
         
    ()
        3.32.    ():   Water-wheel
          (,          generator
    ,  , 
    ),     
        
      
        3.33.   :   Reactive hydraulic
          (,    turbine
    , )  , -
    ,   ,
       
    
    
        3.34.        Active hydraulic
    :                                       turbine bucket type
          (,
    :   :
      ), 
        
    
    
        3.35. -           Cross-stream active
     :                        hydraulic turbine
            
       , 
        
       
        3.36. -            Inclined-stream
      :            active single
         ,         hydraulic turbine
        
       
        3.37.                 Frontal reactive
     :                        hydraulic turbine
        ,    
       
       
        3.38.      Worm feeder
    :                                       reactive hydraulic
        ,       turbine
         
        3.39.      Rotor reactive
    :                                       hydraulic turbine
        ,    
        
    ,   
     
        3.40.        Free-stream
    :                                       hydraulic turbine
          ( 
    ),  
         
    
    
        3.41.           Orthogonal
    :                                       hydraulic turbine
          ( 
    ),   
        
     
        3.42.   :    Mine hydraulic
         ,     power plant
        
    ,    
     
        3.43.    ():        Water path
         , 
       
    (),    ,
      
        3.44.  :                   Water intake
         , 
     ()    
      
        3.45.   :           Pre-turbine gate
        ,         valve
        
        3.46.    ()    Gross head of a
    :                                        small hydroelectric
                    power station
       ()
        3.47.   :                 Net head of a small
                  hydroelectric power
              station
     (),    
         
     
        3.48.   :                Turbine discharge
            , 
         
    ,     

    ()

                                                  3.44
        <>                                                      3.9
                                                      3.9
                                               3.12
                                          3.13
                                                   3.1
                                              3.2
        <>                                                     3.12
                                                          3.13
        <>                                                     3.10
                                           3.45
                             3.3
                           3.5
          ()                          3.32
        <>                                                    3.13
         ()                                    3.31
         ()                               3.22
         ()                                    3.29
                                                 3.20
         ()                                     3.27
         ()                                      3.24
                                                     3.17
         ()                                     3.25
                                                  3.19
         ()                                      3.28
                                                      3.18
         ()                              3.23
         ()                                       3.30
                                                     3.21
         ()                                  3.26
        <>                                                    3.11
                                          3.14
        <>                                                3.14
        <>                                                   3.14
                                  3.16
                                         3.15
          ()                                  3.46
                                                 3.47
                                     3.4
                              3.6
                          3.7
                        3.8
                                                3.48
          ()                               3.43
                             3.34
                          3.36
    -
           -        3.35
                                3.41
                                   3.33
                           3.39
                             3.40
                        3.37
                           3.38
                                    3.42
                                      3.10
                                 3.11

    ()

        Active hydraulic turbine bucket type                      3.34
        Channel-type small hydroelectric power plant              3.18
        Cross-stream active hydraulic turbine                     3.35
        Dam small hydroelectric power plant                       3.17
        Dam-type small hydroelectric power plant                  3.19
        Diversion system small hydroelectric power plant          3.20
        Economical potential                                      3.8
        Floated small hydroelectric power plant                   3.24
        Free-stream hydraulic turbine                             3.40
        Free-stream small hydroelectric power plant               3.23
        Frontal reactive hydraulic turbune                        3.37
        Gross head of a small hydroelectric power station         3.46
        Hydroaggregate                                            3.9
        Hydroelectric power plant                                 3.12
        Hydropower engineering                                    3.1
        Hydropower plant                                          3.10
        Inclined-stream active single hydraulic turbine           3.36
        Independent small hydroelectric power plant               3.31
        Installed power                                           3.15
        Micro hydroelectric power plant                           3.14
        Mine hydraulic power plant                                3.42
        Mixed-type small hydroelectric power plant                3.21
        Mobile small hydroelectric power plant                    3.27
        Net head of a small hydroelectric power station           3.47
        Network small hydroelectric power plant                   3.30
        Nominal power                                             3.16
        Non-dam small hydroelectric power plant                   3.22
        Orthogonal hydraulic turbine                              3.41
        Potential category                                        3.5
        Pressure in take small hydroelectric power plant          3.28
        Pre-turbine gate valve                                    3.45
        Reactive hydraulic turbine                                3.33
        Rotor reactive hydraulic turbine                          3.39
        Small hydropower engineering                              3.2
        Small hydropower engineering potential sources            3.3
        Small hydropower engineering potential                    3.4
        Small hydropower plant                                    3.11
        Small hydroelectric power plant                           3.13
        Stationary small hydroelectric power plant                3.26
        String small hydroelectric power plant                    3.29
        Submerged small hydroelectric power plant                 3.25
        Technical potential                                       3.7
        Total potential                                           3.6
        Turbine discharge                                         3.48
        Water intake                                              3.44
        Water path                                                3.43
        Water-wheel generator                                     3.32
        Worm feeder reactive hydraulic turbine                    3.38

    ()

    [1] INTERNATIONAL STANDARD CE IEC 1116, 1992-10. Electromechanical eguipment guide for small hydroelectric in stallation.

 

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