• 26.11.1997 N 435 " - , , - , "

    11


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    :

    - , ;

    - , ;

    - ;

    - .

    N 11

    ( )

    ----+-----------------------------------+----------+-------------
     N               
    /                                          
    +---+-----------------------------------+----------+-------------+
    1      -                        
       :                                                     
                            1 -    90       
                                                         
                                  165       
                                                          
                       -"-          100       
                               -"-          147       
                              -"-          150       
                                                                 
    2     :                            
       )         1       0,14    
         -                        
           -                       
                                                 
       )                               
                                    
        :                                     
            - 1       0,30    
                                                               
                        0,08    
                                                      
                                                                 
    3                              
           :                              
       )  100 :                                        
                   1 -      85       
                                                           
                                                              
                    102       
       )  100 :                                     
                  -"-           78       
           -"-           94       
                                                                 
    4         1 -    26,6     
       -   -                  
                               
                                                                 
    5        1 -     0,03    
                                                        
    L---+-----------------------------------+----------+--------------

    . 1. 50% .

    2. N 11 ... .

    N 12

    ( )

    -----------------------------------------+---------+-------------
                      
                                                  
    +----------------------------------------+---------+-------------+
                100       56,0     
                         
    ,                        
                                           
    L----------------------------------------+---------+--------------

    N 13

    ( 1000 )

    -------------------------------+---------------------------------
                                      
    +------------------------------+---------------------------------+
                                     12,14             
                               13,57             
    L------------------------------+----------------------------------

    . ... .

    N 14

    ,

    ( )

    ----+-----------------+---------+--------------------------------
     N                    
    /             
                                 +------+---------+---------------+
                                 -         
                                     +-------+-------+
                                 -  -       -
                                        
                                                  
    +---+-----------------+---------+------+---------+-------+-------+
    1   :                                         
       .   -                                       
         -                                      
         -                                       
       :                                                    
       ,   -4  1      50     54      56      60  
                                                     
                                                         
       , -0,4     1      52     58      60      65  
       -1                                         
                                                         
                  54     58      60      65  
         -                                       
                                                
        --"-        52     55      58      62  
                                                           
       .                                        
       :                                              
          -"-        52     55      58      62  
                                                         
         -   -"-        54     58      60      65  
         -                                      
                                                           
       .   - -"-        66     72      75      80  
                                                 
                                               
        -                                       
                                                       
                                                              
    2   -                                         
                                               
       (,                                       
        ..):                                               
           1                     90      95  
                                        
                                                     
         -                      95     100  
                                                     
                                                              
    3                                           
       :                                               
           1             90                  
                                        
                         86                  
                                                        
    L---+-----------------+---------+------+---------+-------+--------

    . 1. 20%.

    2. ... .

    3. :

    48 ;

    50 , .

    N 15

    -

    --------+------------+------------+-------------+----------------
      -          
      --  ,
               , -  , -    ../    
               -  -                
           -                     
           ,         - -                 
            ../.,      ,                       
                        ../    ../                    
    +-------+------------+------------+-------------+----------------+
        0,16         24           48             20       
                                                          
    -    0,24         39           78             31       
                                                         
                                                          
    L-------+------------+------------+-------------+-----------------

    . 1. - 5 , - 7,5 .

    2. 4 ( ), 9 N 1.

    3. ... - .

    4. - , :

    -

    ( - , -

    )

    ----------------------+------------------------------------------
                                           
                         +-----------+----------+---------+---------+
                            -2     -53   -66    -2  
    +---------------------+-----------+----------+---------+---------+
     48/36      96/88     32/56    144/96   
                                               
    ,                                             
    ./                                                      
                                                                
     - 0,16/0,165 0,64/0,54 0,40/0,330,80/0,72
    ,                                         
                                            
    ,  -                                       
    /                                                 
                                                                
     - 0,16/0,135 0,32/0,27 0,20/0,100,40/0,36
    ,                                         
     -                                       
     ,                                          
    /                                            
                                                                
     - 0,385/0,3380,77/0,6750,60/0,490,90/0,90
    ,  -                                        
    /                                                 
    L---------------------+-----------+----------+---------+----------

    N 16

    ( 1000 )

    -----+----------------+--------------------------+---------------
     N            
    /                                   
    +----+----------------+--------------------------+---------------+
    1        0  -5 C                 12,9       
                         -5  -15 C               13,6       
                         -15  -25 C              15,0       
                         -25  -35 C              16,4       
                         -35  -45 C              17,9       
                         -45 C                   19,3       
                                                                 
    2       0  -25 C                 6,5       
                         -25  -45 C               8,6       
                         -45 C                    9,7       
    L----+----------------+--------------------------+----------------

    . 1. 0 C .

    2. () V, , :

                                        V
                            = 1000 x ----,
                                       1000

    1000 - 1000 ().

    3. ... .

    N 17

    ( )

    ----+---------------------------------+------------+-------------
     N               
    /                                          
    +---+---------------------------------+------------+-------------+
    1     :                          
                                       104        
                                                       
                                           28        
                                -"-            92        
                                                                 
    2        1000       11,4      
                                         
                                                                 
    3                               91,3      
                                                                 
    4                               
       :                                                     
                                     1000        0,28     
                                               0,14     
                               -"-             0,20     
    L---+---------------------------------+------------+--------------

    . ... .

    -

    ,

    -

    .

    N 2


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